Yangtze finless porpoise has been upgraded to national level

Yangtze finless porpoise has been upgraded to national level
The National Forestry and Grassland Administration and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs announced that the revised List of Wildlife under State Key Protection (hereinafter called the List) was officially released to the public with the approval of the State Council. A total of 980 species and eight categories of wild animals have been included in the revised List, including 234 species and one category under first-class state protection and 746 species and seven categories under second-class state protection. In terms of management system, among the above species, 686 species are managed by forestry and grassland departments as terrestrial wildlife, and 294 species and 8 species are managed by fishery departments as aquatic wildlife. “*” is added in the List.

File photo: Yangtze finless porpoise. China News Service sent Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Aquatics for photos
According to introducing, compared with the original “list”, the new “list” there are two major changes: one is the original list all species shall be maintained, the jackals and the Yangtze finless porpoise, 65 species of the wild animals under state protection (category ii) promoted to national level, assamese macaque, ibex, python 3 kinds of wild animals has a wide distribution for population stable, by the national level of protection of wild animals is adjusted for national secondary; Second, 517 new species (categories) of wild animals were added, including 43 species (including the big spotted civet cat) and 474 species (categories) of wild animals (including the Wolf) under state protection.

China is very rich in wildlife species, vertebrates alone up to 7300 species, including the giant panda, South China tiger, golden monkey, Yangtze River finless porpoise, crested ibis, giant salamander and many other rare and endangered wildlife for China. In order to strengthen the rescue and protection of rare and endangered wild animals, the Wildlife Protection Law has made clear provisions for the implementation of the List of Wildlife under Key State Protection. With the approval of the State Council, the former Ministry of Forestry and the Ministry of Agriculture issued the List of Wildlife under State Key Protection for the first time on January 14, 1989, which clearly defined the scope of wildlife under state key protection and played a positive role in strengthening the conservation of species, cracking down on indiscriminate hunting and illegal trade, and raising the public awareness of protection. However, in the 32 years since the release of the List, there has been no systematic update, except in 2003 and 2020, when all species of musk deer and pangolin were upgraded to national protected wild animals. During this period, great changes have taken place in the situation of wildlife protection in China. Therefore, it is not only necessary but also extremely urgent to make scientific adjustments to the List.

January 1, 2017 new revision of the wildlife protection act formally after implementation, the original forestry bureau and the ministry of agriculture on adjusting work list, through the extensive data collection resources, survey of key species resources, organize many experts and scholars for scientific evaluation, discussion and argument, and to all the departments and the social from all walks of life for public opinion and suggestion, form the final review adjustment scheme to the list, and the State Council for approval.

The next step, the national bureau of forestry and grassland, agriculture and rural areas will be in accordance with the law in accordance with the rules to do “list” after the implementation of adjustment, further intensify protection, in accordance with the species listed in the catalogue of natural forests to carry out the responsibility of local government, to ensure that its species and habitat security, fight about excessive hunting wild animals and the habitat destruction behavior; Strict law enforcement and supervision, crack down on illegal and criminal activities, and resolutely prohibit illegal eating and illegal trade in wildlife; We should do a good job in the transition and connection of the adjustment of the Catalogue, regulate the activities of hunting, artificial breeding, sale, purchase and utilization in accordance with the law, and provide guidance and assistance to units or individuals that have been legally engaged in the artificial breeding activities of related species to safeguard their legitimate rights and interests; Extensive publicity and education should be carried out to raise the public’s scientific understanding of wildlife under special state protection, mobilize the public to consciously resist illegal acts and support the protection work, so as to form a good situation for joint protection.