After Australia sued China twice in the WTO

[Global Times-Global Network Reporter Ni Hao] After suing China twice in the WTO in half a year, Australia finally “used” reciprocal “treatment” from China on June 24.

According to the information obtained by the “Global Times” reporter from the Ministry of Commerce, on June 24, China proposed the anti-dumping and countervailing measures taken by Australia against China’s imports of railway wheels, wind towers, and stainless steel sink products under the WTO dispute settlement mechanism. Prosecute. Prior to this, in December 2020 and June this year, Australia filed a lawsuit in the World Trade Organization for China’s “dual anti-dumping” against Australian barley and wine-related products. Gao Feng, spokesperson of the Ministry of Commerce of China, said at a press conference on the afternoon of the 24th that China hopes to use Australia’s anti-dumping and countervailing measures to the WTO’s dispute settlement mechanism to safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese companies as well as multilateral trade. The authority and effectiveness of the system and the WTO.

After Australia sued China twice in the WTO

According to information on the Ministry of Commerce website, on December 6, 2013, the Australian Anti-dumping Commission made a preliminary ruling on an anti-dumping investigation against Chinese wind towers, and decided to impose a temporary anti-dumping deposit on Chinese wind tower companies; on March 26, 2015, the The Deep Water Tank made a double anti-final ruling and imposed anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties on related Chinese products; on June 18, 2018, the Australian Anti-dumping Commission initially ruled that there was dumping of railway wheels imported from China.

Screenshot of the Ministry of Commerce website
Gao Feng said at a press conference on the afternoon of the 24th that in these three cases, Australia determined that dumping and subsidies were suspected of violating the WTO’s Anti-Dumping Agreement and the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures. Anti-dumping measures will be taken or extended respectively against railway wheels and wind towers imported from China in 2019, and anti-dumping and countervailing measures will be extended against stainless steel water tanks imported from China in 2020. Gao Feng emphasized that China opposes abuse of trade remedy measures, which not only damages the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese companies, but also damages the seriousness and authority of WTO rules. It is hoped that Australia will take concrete actions to correct wrong practices, avoid distortions in the trade of related products, and bring related trade back to normal track as soon as possible.

Gao Feng, spokesperson of the Ministry of Commerce
The economies of China and Australia are highly complementary, and China is one of Australia’s most important sources of trade surplus. According to a message released by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs last year, in the past 20 years, the bilateral trade volume between China and Australia has grown from less than A$10 billion to A$235 billion in 2019. More than 12,000 Australian companies have established branches in China. China has been Australia’s largest trading partner for 11 consecutive years and is now Australia’s largest source of international students and tourists.

However, Australia has disregarded the economic cooperation between the two parties. In recent years, it has politicized economic and trade, investment, and technology issues, and has taken discriminatory measures against Chinese companies in violation of market economy principles and international economic and trade rules, and has gone further and further down the wrong path.

After China made separate trade measures for Australian barley and wine products, Australia immediately reacted fiercely. Last Saturday, the Australian Minister of Trade announced that it would file a complaint with the World Trade Organization (WTO) over China’s imposition of anti-dumping duties on the country’s wine. On December 16 last year, the Australian government announced that it filed a complaint with the WTO on China’s imposition of anti-dumping and countervailing duties on Australian barley. On the one hand, Australia filed a lawsuit against China in the WTO, but on the other hand, it still hopes to strengthen communication with China and negotiate to resolve trade disputes.

“Global Times” reporters inquired from the China Trade Remedy Information Network of the Ministry of Commerce, showing that, like India and the United States, Australia has always been the most active country in carrying out trade remedies such as “dual anti-dumping” measures against China. Statistics show that since 1995, Australia has initiated a total of 87 trade remedy cases against China, including 9 cases in 2020, which is only inferior to India and the United States, ranking third in the world. In contrast, since 1995, China has initiated 5 original trade remedy cases against Australia, including 2 in 2020.

Gao Feng said that at present, the WTO is facing unprecedented challenges. China opposes the abuse of trade remedy measures, which undermines the seriousness and authority of WTO rules.

Bai Ming, deputy director of the International Market Research Department of the Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, told the Global Times on the 22nd that “dual anti-dumping” is a commonly used international trade remedy measure. Principles are the measures taken as the starting point. In fact, for many years, China has been the biggest victim of global “dual anti-dumping”. Foreign countries are accustomed to imposing trade restrictions on China, but they can’t stand China to defend their legitimate rights and interests. This is an obvious “dual standard.” Bai Ming believes that there is an obvious complementary relationship between China and Australia in economy and trade, and he hopes that Australia can cherish this relationship and do more things that are beneficial to the economic and trade relationship between the two sides.